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eid al-fitr 2015

eid al-fitr 2015

  1. eid al-fitr 2015

    Feast
  2. Eid al-Fitr, also called Feast of Breaking the Fast, the Sugar Feast, Bayram, the Sweet Festival or Hari Raya Puasa and the Lesser Eid, is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide …Wikipedia
  3. 2015 Date: July 19, 2015
  4. 2016 Date: July 5, 2016
  5. Observances: Zakat al-fitr charity, Eid prayers
  6. Type of holiday: Islamic religious festival
  7. Featured in religions: Islam

    عید فطر روز اول ماه شوال و در پایان ماه رمضان است. عید فطر از مهم‌ترین جشن‌ها و اعیاد مسلمانان است. در کشورهای اسلامی، عید فطر از جمله اعیاد بسیار مهم محسوب می‌شود و معمولاً با تعطیلی رسمی همراه است. در این روز، روزه حرام است و مسلمانان نماز عید برگزار می‌کنند.  پرداخت زکات فطره در این روز بر مسلمانان واجب است. در ایران از سال ۱۳۹۰ با تصویب مجلس شورای اسلامی و تایید شورای نگهبان عید فطر دو روز (روز عید و روز بعد) تعطیل است.

     

    “Hari Raya” redirects here. For Feast of the Sacrifice which is also known as Hari Raya in several countries, see Eid al-Adha.

    عيد الفطر

    Eid al-Fitr (ʻĪd al-Fiṭr)

    Feast of Breaking the Fast

    Celebrating Eid in Tajikistan 10-13-2007.jpg

    Eid al-Fitr meal, Tajikistan

    Official name     Arabic: عيد الفطر‎

    ‘Īd al-Fiṭr

    Also called           The Sugar Feast, the Sweet Festival, the Lesser Eid, the Ramadan Feast, the Feast of Fasting,

    Observed by      Islam and Muslims

    Type      Islamic

    Significance        Marks the end of Ramadan fasting

    Celebrations      Family and friends visits, traditional sweet dishes, using perfume, wearing new clothes, giving gifts, etc.

    Observances      Zakat al-Fitr charity, Eid prayers

    Date      1 Shawwal

    2015 date            17 July [1] (Umm al-Qura)[2]

    2016 date            6 July[2]

    2017 date            25 June[2]

    Related to           Ramadan, Eid al-Adha

    Pilgrims performing Tawaf (circumambulating the Kaaba) during a Hajj

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    Eid al-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر‎ ʻĪd al-Fiṭr, IPA: [ʕiːd al fitˤr], “festival of breaking of the fast”), also called Feast of Breaking the Fast, the Sugar Feast, Bayram (Bajram), the Sweet Festival or Hari Raya Puasa[3] and the Lesser Eid, is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide that marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (sawm). The religious Eid is a single day during which Muslims are not permitted to fast. The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan. The day of Eid, therefore, falls on the first day of the month of Shawwal. The date for the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on the observation of new moon by local religious authorities, so the exact day of celebration varies by locality. However, in most countries, it is generally celebrated on the same day as Saudi Arabia.

     

    Eid al-Fitr has a particular Salat (Islamic prayer) consisting of two Rakats (units) and generally offered in an open field or large hall. It may be performed only in congregation (Jama’at) and, has an additional extra six Takbirs (raising of the hands to the ears while saying “Allāhu Akbar”, literally “God is greatest”), three of them in the beginning of the first raka’ah and three of them just before Ruku’ in the second raka’ah in the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam.[4] Other Sunni schools usually have twelve Takbirs, seven in the first, and five at the beginning of the second raka’ah. This Eid al-Fitr salat is, depending on which juristic opinion is followed, Fard فرض(obligatory), Mustahabb مستحب(strongly recommended, just short of obligatory) or mandoob مندوب(preferable).

     

    Muslims believe that they are commanded by Allah, as mentioned in the Quran, to continue their fast until the last day of Ramadan[5] and pay the Zakat and fitra before offering the Eid prayers.

     

    Eid al-Fitr goes by various alternative terms in English, including:

     

    Fastbreaking Eid

    Sweet Festival

    Ramadan feast

    Feast of Fasting

    Bajram

    Lesser Eid

    Smaller Eid

    Small Eid

    Minor feast

    Eid al-Saghir

    Sugar Feast

     

    Native terms

    Acehnese – Uroë Raya Puasa (“Feast of Fasting”)

    Albanian – Fitër Bajrami, Bajrami i madh (“Greater Feast”)

    Arabic – عيد الفطر Eid Al-Fitr

    Azerbaijan – Ramazan Bayramı, Orucluq Bayramı

    Bambara – Seli, Selinicinin (“Lesser Seli”)

    Bengali – রোজার ঈদ, ঈদুল ফিতর / Rozar Eid, Eid Ul-Fitr

    Bosnian – Ramazanski bajram (“Ramadan Feast”), Mali Bajram (“Lesser Feast”)

    Bulgarian – Рамазан Байрам / Ramazan Bayram

    Chinese – 开斋节 / Kāi zhāi jié

    Croatian – Ramazanski bajram (“Ramadan Feast”)

    Dutch – Suikerfeest (“Sugar Feast”)

    Filipino – Wakas ng Ramadan, Araw ng raya, Lebaran, Hari Raya Buka Puasa, Pagtatapos ng Pag-aayuno

    French (esp. Senegal & Mali) – Korité (from Wolof)

    German – Ramadanfest, Zuckerfest (Ramadan Feast, Sugar Feast)

    Greek – Μπαϊράμι (Bairami, from Turkish Bayram)

    Hausa – Sallah, Karamar Sallah (“small Sallah”)

    Hebrew – עיד אל-פיטר

    Hindi – ईद उल-फ़ित्र

    Indonesian – Hari Raya Idul Fitri, Hari Lebaran

    Javanese – Riyadin Pitrah (polite), Riyaya Pitrah; Lebaran; Idul Fitri, Ngaidul Fitri, Ngidil Fitri

    Kazakh – Ораза айт / Oraza ait

    Kurdish – جێژنی ڕەمەزان / Cejna Remezanê

    Kyrgyz – Orozo Mayram

    Macedonian – Рамазан Бајрам

    Maghrebi Arabic – عيد الصغير / ‘Id as-Saghir (“Lesser Eid”)

    Malay – Hari Raya Aidilfitri (“Day of celebrating Eid al-Fitr”), Hari Raya Puasa (“Day of Celebrating End of Fasting”), Hari Lebaran

    Malayalam –   / Ceṟiya perunāḷ

    Maldivian – ފިތުރު އީދު / Fithuru Eid

    Mandinka – Korité

    Minangkabau – Hari Rayo

    Montenegrin – Ramazanski Bajram

    Pashto – کمکی اختر / Kamkay Akhtar (“Lesser Feast”); کوچنی اختر / Kočnay Akhtar; وړوکی اختر / Warrukay Akhtar

    Persian – عید فطر / Eyd-e Fetr

    Portuguese – Celebração do fim do jejum

    Russian – Ураза-Байрам (Uraza Bayram)[6]

    Serbian – Рамазански бајрам

    Sindhi – Ramzan wari Eid

    Somali – Ciid Yare

    Spanish – Fiesta de la ruptura del ayuno

    Sundanese – Boboran Siyam

    Swahili – Sikukuu ya Idi, Sikukuu ya Mfunguo Mosi

    Tamil – நோன்பு பெருநாள் / Nōṉpu perunāḷ

    Thai language – วันอีด / Wạn xīd / Eid-Al fitr

    Tatar – Ураза байрам / Uraza bayram

    Turkish – Ramazan Bayramı (“Ramadan Feast”), Şeker Bayramı

    Turkmen – Oraza baýramy

    Urdu – چھوٹی عید / Choṭī ʿĪd—Smaller Eid ; میٹھی عید / Mīṭhī ʿĪd—Sweet Eid; عیدُ الفطر / ʿĪdu l-Fit̤r—Eid of breaking the fast

    Uzbek – Ҳайит(ингиз) Муборак / Hayit(ingiz) Muborak (Happy Eid)

    Uyghur – روزا ھېيت / Rozi Heyt

    Zarma – Jingar Keyna (“Lesser Feast”)

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